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Barns sångimprovisation: Om att utforska kreativitet genom lek
Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Department of Music Education.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med det här arbetet är att undersöka hur barn utforskar musikalitet genom lek. I undersökningen kombinerades deltagande observation, ljud- och videoupptagning och barns reflektion vid informella samtal och bildskapande. Två barn, fem och sex år, deltog i observationerna som utfördes i deras hem. Barnen fick hitta på sånger vid lek och utforskade musikalitet och skapande genom sångimprovisation. Material som inhämtats vid observationerna har tolkats med hjälp av begrepp från Vygotskijs kulturhistoriska perspektiv. Resultatet visade att deltagarna i leken använde tidigare erfarenheter i skapandet samtidigt som deltagarna inspirerades av och imiterade varandra. Barnen skapade sånger under lekprocessen och visade kunskaper och lärande om strukturer, intervaller och rytmer genom sjungandet. Deras kunskap och lärande visade sig i hur de utforskade musikalitet och sångimprovisation genom imitation, interaktion och inspiration. Leken bidrog till att barnen utforskade röst, kropp och kreativitet utifrån olika roller och perspektiv. De eftersökte ramar och de ramar barnen föreslog själva inspirerade dem att skapa sånger där de på lekfulla sätt utmanade sig själva i sitt tonspråk, sångregister och berättande. Sång och rörelse hade starka samband i hur barnen kommunicerade och utforskade musikalitet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to examine how children explore musicality through their play.

Participant observation, audio and video recordings and children’s reflections through talking

and drawing were methods combined and used to collect empirical data. The observations

took place in the home of two children, who were five and six years old. The children came

up with songs while playing and explored musicality and creativity through improvised

singing. The results have been interpreted using concepts from Vygotsky's cultural-historical

perspective. The participating children made use of what they already knew and had

experienced before while making up their songs. At the same time they inspired and imitated

each other. The songs showed signs of the children’s knowledge and learning about structures, 

intervals and rhythms while singing and playing. Their knowledge and learning was indicated

by how they explored musicality through imitation, interaction and inspiration. Play enabled

the children to explore voice, body and creativity by adopting different roles and perspectives.

They worked out frameworks while playing. The frameworks the children suggested inspired

them to come up with songs where they playfully challenged their tonality, vocal range and

storytelling abilities while singing. Singing and movement had a strong connection while

communicating and exploring musicality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
singing, improvisation, children, music, play, creativity
Keywords [sv]
sång, improvisation, barn, musik, lek, kreativitet, skapande
National Category
Learning Music Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kmh:diva-3406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kmh-3406DiVA, id: diva2:1392811
Educational program
Ämneslärarprogram med inriktning mot gymnasieskolan
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-10 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved

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LearningMusicPedagogy

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Citation style
  • apa
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