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"What does music mean?": En undersökning av Leonard Bernsteins pedagogiska metoder i hans första Young People's Concert
Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Department of Music Education.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Dirigenten och komponisten Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) var en av sin tids ledande kulturella celebriteter i Amerika. Bernsteins berömmelse vilade på hans mångsidighet inom skilda artistiska områden. Särskild uppmärksamhet fick dock hans banbrytande verksamhet som musikfolkbildare i tv. En allmän uppfattning är att Bernsteins personliga karisma och affinitet för tv-mediet var anledningen till programmens succé. Denna undersökning har istället undersökt de pedagogiska metoder som han tillämpade i sin undervisning. För detta ändamål har den första Young People's Concert från 1958, ”What does music mean?”, valts ut. Undersökningen har genomförts med hjälp av observation av film och analys av engelsk texttranskription. Genom att använda ett kulturpsykologiskt perspektiv, har återkommande drag kunnat konceptualiseras och extraheras i teman och helhetsintryck. Resultatet visade bl.a. att Bernstein behärskade en varierad uppsättning av presentationsmetoder, språkliga stilar och musikaliska genrer som var strategiskt tillvaratagna i programmet. Bernsteins metod for att besvara den initialt ställda frågan var att undersöka flera olika föreställningar om musikens mening och värdera deras relevans erfarenhetsmässigt, tillsammans med barnen. Han ansåg sig därför fortsatt kunna hävda att musikens mening låg i de emotioner som den kunde framkalla.

Abstract [en]

The conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) was one of the leading luminaries of contemporary American culture. His fame rested on his diversity in different artistic areas. Special attention, however, was made to his groundbreaking work as music educator on television. There is a common perception that the success of those programs was due to his charisma and affinity for the television medium. This thesis, on the other hand, has set about to investigate the pedagogical methods Bernstein employed in his teaching. For that purpose his first Young People's Concerts “What does music mean?”, from 1958, was chosen. The research has been done by observing the program on film with additional analysis of the text transcripts. By use of the perspective of cultural psychology certain recurrent traits could be conceptualized and extracted into themes and overall impressions. The results showed that Bernstein was in command of various sets of presentation methods, types of languages and musical genres. Bernstein's method of answering the initially asked question was to investigate different conceptions of the meaning of music and assess their relevance experientially with the children. He therefore was able to maintain that the meaning of music was the emotions it could induce.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
Bernstein, Young People's Concerts, music education, meaning of music, school concerts
Keyword [sv]
Bernstein, Young People's Concerts, musikpedagogik, musikens mening, skolkonserter
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kmh:diva-1743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kmh-1743DiVA: diva2:769280
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-07 Last updated: 2014-12-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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