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  • 1.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Artefakter och positioneringar i musikundervisning2013Inngår i: Musikforskning idag - Abstracts, Stockholm: Svenska samfundet för musikforskning , 2013, s. 22-24Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I musikundervisning på en högstadieskola återfinns massor av olika artefakter, d.v.s. fysiskt förekommande föremål som eleverna interagerar med. Det kan handla om artefakter som har någon relation till musikämnet så som mikrofoner, stativ, gitarrer, trumset, keyboards, pianon, förstärkare, iPads, iPods, hörlurar etc. På vilka olika sätt kan vi analysera betydelsen av dessa artefakter?

    Artefakter förstås inom sociokulturellt inspirerade teorier kulturella verktyg/redskap/tool-kit (Säljö, 2006). Artefakter bidrar inom dessa teorier till att bättre förstå vilket lärande som sker, vilket lärande som blir möjligt i undervisningen.

    Utifrån att det är relevant också för vilket lärande som sker vill jag i min kommande avhandling studera hur det kommer sig att eleverna väljer att agera som de gör i klassrummet, varför de väljer vissa instrument före andra etc. Jag vill problematisera elevernas agerande i termer av subjektsskapande i musikundervisningen utifrån ett kritiskt diskurspsykologiskt perspektiv (Wetherell & Potter, 1992; Wetherell, Taylor, & Yates, 2001; Wetherell, 2001; Winther Jørgensen, Phillips, & Torhell, 2000). En möjlig analytisk ingång till detta, som jag vill resonera kring i denna presentation, är att studera hur de förstår och förhåller sig till de olika artefakter som finns i undervisningen i sitt subjektsskapande och också teoretiskt närma mig en mer posthumanistiskt influerad förståelse av artefakter (Hultman; Hultman, 2009, 2011, Åsberg, Hultman, & Lee, 2012).

    Den kritiska diskurspsykologin innebär att artefakter inte har någon i sig inneboende betydelse, utan att den ges mening genom det sätt på vilket vi talar om dem. För att förstå hur eleverna agerar måste vi alltså också synliggöra hur de förstår musikundervisningen och dess artefakter. För att förtydliga hur detta spel kan se ut kommer jag att exemplifiera med hur olika artefakter kan vara olika problematiska för pojkar respektive flickor att förhålla sig till. (Ganetz, 2009, Björck, 2011, Nordström, 2010, Bergman, 2009).

    Referenser

    • Bergman, Å. (2009). Växa upp med musik : ungdomars musikanvändande i skolan och på fritiden. Göteborg: Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Göteborgs universitet.
    • Björck, C. (2011). Claiming space discourses on gender, popular music, and social change. (Diss Göteborg Göteborgs universitet, 2010), Academy of Music and Drama, University of Gothenburg ; Högskolan för scen och musik,, Göteborg.  
    • Ganetz, H. (2009). Rundgång : genus och populärmusik. Göteborg: Makadam.
    • Hultman, K. Making matter matter as a constitutive force in children's subjectivities. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood. doi: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63410
    • Hultman, K. The social and competent child as co-produced by nonhuman actors. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood. doi: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63412
    • Hultman, K. (2009). A posthumanist deconstruction of gendered matematical subjectivitites. International Journal for Equity and Innovation in Early Childhood, 7(2), 16-27. doi: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53679
    • Hultman, K. (2011). Barn, linjaler och andra aktörer : posthumanistiska perspektiv på subjektskapande och materialitet i förskola/skola. (Diss (sammanfattning) Stockholm Stockholms universitet, 2011), Department of Education, Stockholm University,, Stockholm. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63413 urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63413 
    • Nordström, M. (2010). Rocken spelar roll : en etnologisk studie av kvinnliga rockmusiker. Umeå: Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper, Umeå universitet.
    • Säljö, R. (2006). Lärande och kulturella redskap [Ljudupptagning] : om lärprocesser och det kollektiva minnet. Enskede: TPB.
    • Wetherell, M., & Potter, J. (1992). Mapping the language of racism : discourse and the legitimation of exploitation. New York: Columbia University Press.
    • Wetherell, M., Taylor, S., & Yates, S. J. (2001). Discourse as data : a guide for analysis. London: Sage.
    • Wetherell, M., Taylor, S., Yates, S. J., & Open University. (2001). Discourse theory and practice : a reader. London: Sage.
    • Winther Jørgensen, M., Phillips, L., & Torhell, S.-E. (2000). Diskursanalys som teori och metod. Lund: Studentlitteratur.
    • Åsberg, C., Hultman, M., & Lee, F. (2012). Posthumanistiska nyckeltexter (1. uppl. ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur.
  • 2.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Avvikande eller queer: En diskurspsykologisk-nymaterialistisk läsning av Jimmy Scotts röst och karriär2015Inngår i: Knowledge formation in and through music: Festschrift in honor of Cecilia K. Hultberg 2015 / [ed] Gullö, Jan-Olof; Holgersson, Per-Henrik, Stockholm: Royal College of Music , 2015, s. 161-171Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Effects of insecurity: Class and Gender at Stake in Secondary School Music Education2016Inngår i: Gender Equality Matters: Education , Intersectionality and Nationalism, Linköping: LiU-Tryck , 2016, s. 96-96Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I would like to present preliminary results from my ongoing PhD-project focusing creation of subjectivity in secondary school music education. The aim of this paper is to discuss construction of femininity in intersection with class regarding the use of different rhetorical resources available in different music classrooms. In particular I will pinpoint how the girls make use of insecurity and how this effects their possibilities to participate in musical activities. 

    During autumn 2014 I have been following the weekly music lessons in three classrooms in Stockholm and it's surroundings. The schools were strategically selected to represent maximum differentiation in the students socioeconomic background using the notion of symbolic capital resulting in three schools: a High end school, a Low end school and a Music profiled school.

    The lessons were documented with video camera, transcribed in great detail, and analyzed with concepts drawing from positioning theory, discursive psychology and conversation analysis focusing the rhetorical resources in the interactional work done among the pupils. 

    Insecurity appears to be a resource available for the girls in all three classrooms but with different effects. For girls in the high end school insecurity explicitly expressed by words is frequently followed by further musical activities. In the low end school insecurity, expressed by avoiding difficult tasks, limits the possibility to further practice. In the music school the use of insecurity also of risk of being positioned as nervous and problematic and can be understood as an obstacle for practicing difficult music tasks in ensemble practice.

  • 4.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Inte bara musik.: Om elevers positionerande i grundskolans musikklassrum.2019Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to study how positioning among students in the music classroom interplays with music teaching activities as practised in Swedish comprehensive schools. The study uses a videoethnographic technique for documenting interactions between students in two different music classrooms. The one is in a music profile school with students for whom music may be assumed to be important, the other is in a standard curriculum school with students who do not have any special relation to music. However, both schools recruit students who come from educated, economically stable homes in white middle class society in Sweden and thus share a similar background. The students’ interactions are transcribed in great detail and analysed using concepts from positioning theory, conversation analysis and discursive psychology.

    The results show great differences between the two music classrooms. In the Ordinary School, the dominant positions are conformity, humour, insecurity and rationality. In the Music Profile School the dominant positions are rebelliousness, seriousness, confidence and emotionality. In terms of gender, the Music Profile School classroom could be described as a predominantly masculine practice which diminishes the opportunity for students who wish to attain the position musician and at the same time express femininity.

    These differences in the students’ positioning affects the possibility for such music educational practices as peer-learning to take place. Differences in positioning also affect what work needs to be done in terms of classroom management.

    By focusing on how positions are achieved through interaction, rather than on what the positions consist of, I hope to open possibilities for the individual music teacher to become aware of which students are being favoured in his or her own classroom. I also hope that this research will help to promote change that could result in greater social justice in the music classroom. How this is to be done will, however, need to be the subject of future research.

  • 5.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Musical instruments and the doing of gender in music education2017Inngår i: Symposia IV: Questions and Dilemmas when Exploring Music Education and Gender in Scandinavian countrie, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2017, s. 13-13Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We already know that music instruments are gendered and that this affects the students’ choices of instruments. What is yet to be explored is how these instruments effects the production of gender in the actual classroom. The elaboration of material feminist theories opens up possibilities to study not only what musical instruments represents culturally or discursively, but also how these instruments are entangled in the production of gender in the music classroom. A more elaborated understanding of the relation between gender production and musical instruments could open for new ways of approaching the gender equality issue in music education.

  • 6.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Playing music as positioning: an intersectional analysis of gender and class in the secondary school music classroom2017Inngår i: ABSTRACTS PHD IN PROGRESS NNMPF 2017, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2017, s. 1-3Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Persson, Mikael
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    The intersection of gender and class in secondary school music education in Sweden2018Inngår i: / [ed] Lilli Mittner, Hilde Synnøve Blix, Tromsø: HSL Trykkeriet, UiT The Arctic University of Norway , 2018, s. 32-32Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation, I will discuss how different structural positions concerning gender and class may affect the students’ participation in musical activities in secondary school music education in Sweden. The research is part of my, soon to be finished, doctoral thesis in music pedagogy. The design could be described as a case study in which the cases represents differences regarding to social class. Each case has been analysed to find similarities and differences regarding what positions boys and girls accomplish in the classroom. My contribution to the discipline will primarily be to address the question of how differences in the students’ socioeconomic background, social class, intersects with gender, an intersection rarely addressed in music pedagogical research. I also hope to create a foundation to discussion differences created by the increasing segregation of the school system and the individual music teacher’s possibilities to compensate for the effects of this segregation.

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